Natural teeth are stable biting and chewing surfaces because their roots are firmly anchored and supported by the surrounding jawbone. Dental implants are much designed to function in the same way: they are tooth root substitutes that look, feel and function much like the roots of natural teeth.
They are tiny metal cylinders made of titanium, a bio-compatible metal, which help prevent the jaw bone from shrinking, by stimulating new bone to re-grow around the implant. Dental implants can replace a single missing tooth or several missing teeth.
A single tooth implant involves three separate parts: 1-the implant root, 2-the post that supports the artificial tooth (abutment) and 3- the prosthetic tooth (crown or cap). The artificial tooth may be cemented onto the post or held in place with a tiny screw.
Dental implants are certainly the most comfortable and permanent solution to missing teeth, providing peace-of-mind and self-confidence to those who have lost one or more teeth. Implant-supported teeth or dentures can be attractive, stable, and comfortable for almost any patient. Furthermore, dental implants have an extremely high rate of success, and can last for nearly a lifetime when cared for properly.
Modern surgical techniques currently allow for more patients for whom it otherwise would not have been possible to receive this treatment option. If you are considering implants, your oral surgeon will take a panoramic X-ray , perform a thorough exam and review both your medical and dental history.
In certain situations, additional X-rays called a CBCT scan is required to determine if you have enough bone volume within your jaw to support the dental implant. At times, bone grafting is required in order to provide you with a more predictable result.
Once implants are placed and restored they can last nearly a lifetime. It is important to practice good oral hygiene (brushing and flossing) and to visit your dental specialist regularly in order to ensure proper oral health.